Living Diversity

マニラでのソーシャルワークとの出会い記録から、日本のソーシャルワーク×多文化/法的支援、インドで暮らし、働き、旅するカラフルさ、インド&野草ごはん、身体を解すこと、レジリエンス/回復についての試行錯誤を記録したく。 私もあなたも、ゆるく受けいれて生きていけるといいなと祈りながら。

インドがカシミール自治権剥奪 なぜ今 識者に聞く:日本経済新聞

インドがカシミール自治権剥奪 なぜ今 識者に聞く:日本経済新聞 https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXMZO48298470W9A800C1FF8000/

 

ジャンムーカシミールのこと。

まだ理解しきれてない。。。

カシミールムスリムが多い。
ヒンドゥー政権であるモディが自治権を奪うことになる、 ということなのか?
Article 370を廃止すること=自治権を奪うこと、なのか?

インド人のムスリム友達は、カシミールの人の権利が守られるならいいんじゃない、と特に反対してないようだけど(デリーの人)
https://www.washingtonpost. com/politics/2019/08/14/why- kashmir-may-see-increased- violence-after-revocation- article/?noredirect=on
Internal conflict in J&K began in 1989 and escalated through the 1990s and early 2000s. More recently, following the 2016 killing of popular rebel leader Burhan Wani, Kashmir has witnessed an uptick in insurgent violence and a rise in stone-pelting (石を投げて攻撃)— a form of protest against Indian security forces.

J&K(ジャンムー&カシミール州) での内紛は1989年に始まる
90年代~2000年代初頭にかけてエスカレート。
(なぜこの時期?)


 J&K’s accession to India in 1947 was hurried and controversial
Prior to the 1947 partition, which established India and Pakistan as separate nations, J&K was a Muslim-majority princely state that was subject to indirect, rather than direct, rule under the British.

1947年にJKがインドに加わる( インドとパキスタンが分かれた時)
1947年より前は、JKはムスリムが多数派の州。英国から、 直接というより間接的に支配されていた

With the abrogation (廃止)of Article 35A, non-Kashmiris now have the right to move into the region and acquire property.
The demographic changes from an influx of non-Muslims into the Muslim-majority Kashmir region of J&K could generate conflict between newcomers and the local population.

Insurgency:反乱

https://economictimes. indiatimes.com/news/politics- and-nation/article-370-why-is- kashmir-tense-about-it-what- can-india-do/articleshow/ 70508922.cms

What is Article 370? ~JKは特別な自治州で、 憲法の条項の中で適用されないものがある
Article 370 of the Indian Constitution is a 'temporary provision' which grants special autonomous status to Jammu & Kashmir. Under Part XXI of the Constitution of India, which deals with "Temporary, Transitional and Special provisions", the state of Jammu & Kashmir has been accorded special status under Article 370. All the provisions of the Constitution which are applicable to other states are not applicable to J&K. For example, till 1965, J&K had a Sadr-e-Riyasat for governor and prime minister in place of chief minister.


Provisions of Article 370
According to this article, except for defence, foreign affairs, finance and communications, Parliament needs the state government's concurrence for applying all other laws. Thus the state's residents live under a separate set of laws, including those related to citizenship, ownership of property, and fundamental rights, as compared to other Indians. As a result of this provision, Indian citizens from other states cannot purchase land or property in Jammu & Kashmir.